Heart, Lung and Circulation
Letter to the Editor| Volume 20, ISSUE 7, P483-484, July 2011

Download started.


Fibonacci Series and Coronary Anatomy

      The thirteenth century mathematician, Leonardo of Pisa, nicknamed “Fibonacci” described a sophisticated number series that was subsequently named after him. The sequence follows 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, etc. and represents a trend observable in many natural settings. These include inheritance patterns, the design of flowers and the branching of leaves (phyllotaxis) [
      • Mitchison G.J.
      Phyllotaxis and the Fibonacci Series.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Heart, Lung and Circulation
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Mitchison G.J.
        Phyllotaxis and the Fibonacci Series.
        Science. 1977; 196: 270-275
        • Gibson C.M.
        • Gibson W.J.
        • Murphy S.A.
        • Marble S.J.
        • McCabe C.H.
        • Turakhia M.P.
        • et al.
        Association of the Fibonacci Cascade with the distribution of coronary artery lesions responsible for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
        Am J Cardiol. 2003; 92: 595-597
        • Thüroff J.W.
        • Hort W.
        • Lichti H.
        Diameter of coronary arteries in 36 species of mammalian from mouse to giraffe.
        Basic Res Cardiol. 1984; 79: 199-206