Heart, Lung and Circulation
Original Article| Volume 25, ISSUE 12, P1210-1217, December 2016

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Counterpulsation in the Post-Resuscitation Period is Associated with Improved Functional Outcomes in Patients Surviving an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Insights from a Dedicated Heart Attack Centre


      Despite advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, functional survival remains low after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA). Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) therapy has recently been shown to augment cerebral blood flow. Whether IABP therapy in the post-resuscitation period improves functional outcomes is unknown.


      We analysed 174 consecutive patients who were successfully resuscitated from an OOHCA between 2011-2013 at Harefield Hospital, London. We analysed functional status at discharge and mortality up to one year.


      A total of 55 patients (32.1%) received IABP therapy. Comparing those receiving IABP with those not receiving IABP, there was no difference in favourable functional status at discharge (49.1% vs. 57.1%, p=0.321); and mortality at one year (45.5% vs. 35.5%, p=0.164). Multivariable analyses identified IABP therapy as a strong independent predictor for favourable functional status at discharge (OR=7.51, 95% CI: 2.15-26.14, p=0.002) and this association was maintained in propensity-score adjusted analyses (OR=9.90, 95% CI: 2.11-46.33, p=0.004) and inverse probability treatment weighted analyses (OR=10.84, 95% CI: 2.75-42.69, p<0.001). However, IABP therapy was not an independent predictor for mortality at one year (HR=0.93, 95% CI: 0.52-1.65, p=0.810) and this was confirmed in both propensity-score adjusted and inverse probability treatment weighted analyses.


      In this observational analysis of patients surviving an OOHCA, the use of IABP therapy in the post-resuscitation period was associated with improved functional outcomes. This warrants further evaluation in larger prospective studies.


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