The internal mammary artery is the vessel of choice for myocardial revascularisation during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Although it is possible to harvest the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) without opening the left pleura, pleurotomy is usually performed to provide adequate exposure and allow the placement of the LIMA medial to the upper lobe, preventing any undue tension on the mammary pedicle. However, the intact pleura technique may have a lower risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. We aimed to study the effects of both procedures on pulmonary function and the incidence of complications.
One hundred patients with ischaemic heart disease indicated for CABG were included and divided into two groups. The closed pleural technique group included 50 patients with preservation of the pleural integrity during mammary harvesting. The open pleural procedure group included 50 patients without preservation of pleural integrity. Spirometry was done pre- and postoperatively in both groups and postoperative pulmonary complications in both groups were recorded and analysed.
Internal mammary harvesting with preservation of pleural integrity during CABG in patients in the closed pleural procedure group showed significant improvement in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1%), forced vital capacity (FVC%), and FEV1/FVC compared with the corresponding values in patients in the open pleural procedure group, on day 5 postoperatively, at discharge, and at day 30. There were fewer complications in preservation of pleural integrity with regard to lung atelectasis and pleural effusion, which were significantly lower in patients in the open pleural procedure group.
Preservation of pleural integrity has beneficial effects on pulmonary function and has fewer associated pulmonary complications.
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Published online: October 24, 2019
Accepted: September 29, 2019
Received in revised form: September 18, 2019
Received: December 13, 2018
© 2019 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.