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Heart, Lung and Circulation

Prognostic Effect of Thoracic Sarcopaenia on Short- and Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients Who Underwent Cardiac Valve Surgery

Published:August 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2022.05.041

      Background

      As the proportion of elderly patients increases, higher incidence of malnutrition is found among patients with valvular heart disease. Sarcopaenia is one of the main manifestations of malnutrition. Studies have shown the certain predictive effect of sarcopaenia on the clinical outcome in different cases. This study aims to clarify the impact of computed tomography (CT)-derived thoracic sarcopaenia on clinical outcomes of patients who underwent cardiac valve surgery.

      Methods

      The clinical data of 216 patients who underwent cardiac valve surgery from December 2015 to June 2020 were retrospectively collected. Skeletal muscle mass at 12th thoracic vertebra level was measured to diagnose thoracic sarcopaenia. Postoperative complications and follow-up data were collected. Medium follow-up was 3.2 years.

      Results

      The prevalence of thoracic sarcopaenia was 16.7% in this study. The incidence of total complications and in-hospital mortality were higher in thoracic sarcopaenia group (p=0.024 and p=0.014, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that thoracic sarcopaenia is a significant predictor for postoperative complications (OR 2.319; 95% CI 1.003–5.366; p=0.049). Decreased long-term survival was observed in patients with thoracic sarcopaenia. Thoracic sarcopaenia (HR 4.178; 95% CI 2.062–8.465; p<0.001) was determined to be an independent risk factor for late mortality.

      Conclusion

      Thoracic sarcopaenia defined by chest CT was independently associated with higher incidence of postoperative complications and long-term mortality. Routine preoperative evaluation of thoracic sarcopaenia deserves further consideration to enhance the predictive performance for operation risk.

      Keywords

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