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Heart, Lung and Circulation

Deep versus Moderate Hypothermia in Acute Type A Aortic Dissection: A Propensity-Matched Analysis

Published:September 20, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2022.07.021

      Background

      The ideal temperature for hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) during acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) repair has yet to be determined. We examined the clinical impact of different degrees of hypothermia during dissection repair.

      Methods

      Out of 240 cases of ATAAD between June 2014 and December 2019, 228 patients were divided into two groups according to lowest intraoperative temperature: moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) (20–28°C) versus deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) (<20°C). From this, 74 pairs of propensity-matched patients were analysed with respect to operative data and short-term clinical outcomes. Independent predictors of a composite outcome of 30-day mortality and stroke were identified.

      Results

      Mean lowest temperature was 25.5±3.9°C in the MHCA group versus 16.0±2.9°C in DHCA. Overall 30-day mortality of matched cohort was 11.5% (17 deaths), not significantly difference between matched groups. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) times were longer in DHCA (221.0±69.9 vs 190.7±74.5 mins, p=0.01). Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) during HCA predicted a lower composite risk of 30-day mortality and stroke (OR 0.38). Female sex (OR 4.71), lower extremity ischaemia at presentation (OR 3.07), and CPB >235 minutes (OR 2.47), all portended worse postoperative outcomes.

      Conclusions

      A surgical strategy of MHCA is at least as safe as DHCA during repair of acute type A aortic dissection. ACP during HCA is associated with reduced 30-day mortality and stroke, whereas female sex, lower extremity ischaemia, and longer CPB times are all predictive of poorer short-term outcomes.

      Keywords

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