Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases diagnosed in children and adults [
]. Interventional closure devices or surgical patch closure are potential treatment options in haemodynamically relevant ASD. Concomitant severe mitral valve regurgitation is impeded by persisting type I ASD, as a congenital partial endocardial cushion defect (PECD) might be present. Partial endocardial cushion defect is a rare form of congenital heart failure, accounting for about 3% of the overall incidence [
- Steele P.M.
- Fuster V.
- Cohen M.
- Ritter D.G.
- McGoon D.
Isolated atrial septal defect with pulmonary vascular obstructive disease – long-term follow-up and prediction of outcome after surgical correction.
Circulation. 1987; 76: 1037-1042
- Robinson C.L.
- Merriman J.E.
- Kilduff C.J.
Partial endocardial cushion defects.
Can Med Assoc J. 1963; 88: 1147-1154
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- Isolated atrial septal defect with pulmonary vascular obstructive disease – long-term follow-up and prediction of outcome after surgical correction.Circulation. 1987; 76: 1037-1042
- Partial endocardial cushion defects.Can Med Assoc J. 1963; 88: 1147-1154
Published online: November 29, 2022
Accepted: October 28, 2022
Received in revised form: October 21, 2022
Received: August 25, 2022
© 2022 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.